Magnatune, a small and eclectic online record label, just releasedits first iPhone app. As far as we know, this is the first time that a record label has released an iPhone app that allows its users to play every song of every artist on its label for free and as often as they want. The only restriction on the app is that every song is followed by a short announcement with the name of the artist and title of the song.Magnatune Magnatune has always done things differently. It was one of the first online music services to allow its customers to choose how much they wanted to pay for an album. From its inception, the service never featured DRM’ed music and always offered its albums in alternative formats like WAV, OGG, FLAC and AAC. On its website, Magnatune offers a commercial-free streaming plan starting at $5/month (users can choose to pay more) and a download membership that starts at $10 a month.Sadly, the first version of the iPhone app doesn’t support these membership options, but according to Magnatune’s announcement, the next version will allow paying members to stream announcement-free music. Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement frederic lardinois Related Posts The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Tags:#mobile#news#web Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces FeaturesThe app itself is pretty straightforward. You can browse Magnatune’s catalog by artist, album and genre. One neat feature of the app is that it remembers where you left off when you turn the app off – or when you get a call – and prompts you to return to that song when you start the app again.ShoppingThe Magnatune store allows users to buy songs right from their phones. Most of Magnatune’s artists are featured in the iTunes store, and the app simply takes users to the iTunes app to buy the song. This, though, also means that potential buyers can’t choose how much they want to pay for an album.Record Labels on the iPhoneAnother label that has also released an iPhone app recently is Ghostly International. This app (iTunes link) features only a selection of Ghostly’s catalog, however.We have talked a lot about how bands and artists have started to look at iPhone apps as replacements of traditional albums. Hopefully, more music labels will now also follow Magnatune’s lead and release their own apps. With built-in purchasing and music discovery, this is a logical extension of the app-as-album trend – but then, the major music labels aren’t exactly known for being logical.
Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. K-pop star Jung Joon-young convicted of gang rape, spycam crimes WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief View comments AVC: PH yields to unbeaten Kazakhstan, still moves on to QF UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension LETRAN 63 – Quinto 14, Nambatac 12, Balanza 12, Calvo 11, Pascual 5, Vacaro 4, Ambohot 2, Balagasay 2, Caralipio 1, Taladua 0, Bernabe 0.PERPETUAL 61 – Eze 18, Dagangon 10, Ylagan 7, Yuhico 5, Sadiwa 5, Tamayo 5, Coronel 4, Hao 3, Pido 2, Mangalino 2, Singontiko 0, Lucente 0.Quarters: 14-7, 24-19, 39-36, 63-61. Bong Quinto. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netBong Quinto drilled the go-ahead layup in the waning seconds to lift Letran to a thrilling 63-61 win over Perpetual Friday for the Knights’ third straight victory in the NCAA Season 93 men’s basketball tournament at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.The fourth-year forward shrugged off an inadvertent elbow from Prince Eze and scored off an assist from Rey Nambatac to push the Knights up, 63-61, with 12.6 seconds to spare.ADVERTISEMENT LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Eze muffed a hook shot in the ensuing possession, but King Caralipio dove for the leather and forced a jumpball, with the possession arrow awarding the ball to Letran.Quinto, though, committed a huge miscue as he inbounded the ball to Rey Nambatac in the backcourt with 2.6 ticks left which kept the window wide open for the Altas.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutUnfortunately, Gab Dagangon could not gather the ball from GJ Ylagan’s inbound pass as Letran kept its winning streak.Quinto paced the Knights with 14 points, nine rebounds, and three assists, while Nambatac got a huge double-double of 12 markers, 15 boards, and three dimes in the win to pull their side up to 4-3. Read Next For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. “The tempo of the game wasn’t favoring us, but luckily, the boys didn’t give up even though Perpetual was making a rally. Credit to them because they really worked hard to get the win,” said coach Jeff Napa. “They didn’t give up and they showed the character of the team, especially our veterans. They really stood up and led our team.”Jerrick Balanza chimed in 12 points and two rebounds, as JP Calvo got 11 markers, with his biggest bucket coming in the final 1:33 as he drained the game-tying corner three to knot the score at 61 and set up the tight finish.Eze led the skidding Perpetual with 18 points, 16 rebounds, and two blocks, while Dagangon got 10 markers and four boards.The Altas have now lost back-to-back games, sending them sprawling to a 2-4 card.The Scores:ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games
The men’s team, which swept its way to the gold during the sport’s maiden appearance in this biennial meet in 2015 in Singapore, will take on Indonesia (11:06 a.m.), Cambodia (1:22 p.m.), and host Malaysia (4:26 p.m.) in a busy start to its title defense.The Volcanoes, who are coming from the Asian Rugby 7s win in Doha, will complete their assignments Sunday against Singapore and Thailand.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutThe Lady Volcanoes, bronze winners last time around, will battle Thailand (10 a.m.), Laos (3:16 p.m.) and Singapore at 5:32 p.m. They will round up their matches Sunday against host Malaysia at 11:28 a.m.Rugby 7s will only have two days of competition where top two teams after a round robin will vie for gold and the next two fight for bronze. UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension The Volcanoes will be bannered by Christopher Hitch, Justin Thomas Coveney, Vincent Francis Young, Jason Ritchie Lynch, Harry Morris, Jonel Madrona, Rupert Dian Zappia, Harrison Blake, Evan Spargo, Ricky Kucha, Jake Letts and Christopher Everingham.Dixie Star Yu, Sylvia Tudoc, Angella Camille San Juan, Madille Salinas, Rassiel Sales, Camilla Maryam Maslo, Helena Roxanne Indigne, Kaye Llanie Honoras, Gelanie Gamba, Tanya Louise Bird, Hayes Monica Bolofer and Ada Milby comprise the Lady Volcanoes. Read Next Despite Flying V’s failed bid, Teng grateful for run with Thunder Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games PLAY LIST 00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH00:50Trending Articles01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games KUALA LUMPUR—The Philippine Volcanoes will be very active when their even kicks off. And the men’s team is threatening to erupt anew.The Philippine Rugby 7s men’s and women’s teams will start their Southeast Asian Games duty Saturday at Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya Stadium, Kelana Jaya here.ADVERTISEMENT SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC View comments Flags of SEA Games countries raised at Athletes Village Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Man sworn in as lawyer by judge who sentenced him to prison as a teen 20 years ago WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding LATEST STORIES Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses MOST READ
Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Celine Domingo and Jeanette Villareal also combined for 17 hits for FEU.The Lady Stags scored 24 attack points but yielded 21 points off miscues.Nikka Dalisay paced San Sebastian with 10 points while Daurene Santos and Joyce Sta. Rita combined for 12 points for the Recto-based squad.Earlier, fancied National University whipped San Beda, 25-15, 25-16, 25-18, to join opening day winners La Salle and University of Santo Tomas in the men’s division of the league backed by Mikasa and Asics. LATEST STORIES Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa The Red Spikers looked headed for a trouble-free debut after dominating the Lady Engineers in the first two quarters. But they sputtered in the third, enabling the TIP tossers to steal the set on deuce points.Soltones and Kath Villegas have played their last season with the Lady Stags.Soltones actually helped on the bench as part of Roger Gorayeb’s coaching staff but the Lady Tamaraws, responding to new coach George Pascua, proved too strong for the Lady Stags.“The important thing was we were able to maximize everyone’s potential,” said Pascua, who recently took over from Shaq delos Santos.San Sebastian put a gutsy stand in the second set but Pons and Basas stepped up their attack before the Lady Tams reasserted their might in the third with Pons’ last ace wrapping up the one-sided match.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Read Next LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games Far Eastern University leaned on its veteran crew and clobbered a Grethcel Soltones-less San Sebastian College side, cruising to a 25-17, 25-21, 25-14 victory to gain a share of the Group A lead in the Premier Volleyball League Collegiate Conference at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan on Sunday.Bernadeth Pons fired 13 hits, including eight attack points and two aces, while Toni Rose Basas added 11 as the Lady Tamaraws matched the Ateneo Lady Eagles’ straight-set romp over the Jose Rizal U Lady Bombers in Saturday’s opener of the season-ending conference of the Sports Vision-organized league.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ San Beda edges Lyceum, gains NCAA chess Final Four PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd PLAY LIST 02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games “We played as a team and that made it a lot easier for us,” said Pons.It was an all-Lady Tamaraws show right from the start as they imposed their will upfront and pounced on the erratic Lady Stags, who sorely missed the services of former ace hitter and many-time NCAA Most Valuable Player Soltones.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutIn the second game, San Beda recovered from a third-set defeat and thwarted Technological Institute of the Philippines,25-13, 25-18, 25-27, 25-13, to join Arellano U in the Group B lead. Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses View comments
The waif like models that walked the runway at the last Men’s Fashion Week in Milan signalled the death of beefcake in the international modelling scene.But the trend has been bucked by the Indian shores where the ramps are still populated by quite some six packs.The debate around emaciated models has always centred on women, but the same miniscule measurements now go for men in the fashion capitals of Europe and New York.But the models that walked down the ramp at the recently concluded Van Heusen Mens Week here were not the delicate teenagers populating the international catwalks, but muscled men.And the brawn is here to stay, says Milind Soman, India’s first male super model.”The international trend for androgynous male models has still not caught up here. I think it will cause an uproar if a skinny chicken walks the ramp here, the audience will not accept it,” Soman told PTI.Designer Jay Arora who caused a flashbulb frenzy when he sent models dressed in barely-there hot pants during Mens Week says that economics has a part to play in the trend.A large chunk of consumers for designer menswear in India according to him is the ‘new age man’, who is not afraid to stray from the black suit routine. And this new age man is also a gym freak.”The trend running through all the collections was a lean silhouette. And to carry off the fitted look, you need a gym toned body. All the models work hard for it and so do my costumers,” said Arora.advertisementWhere the masculine ideal earlier was a buff 6-footer with six-pack abs, the man of the moment on the international catwalks is the wraith like urchin.Designer Anjana Bhargava is thankful that the trend is not here yet and suggests that Bollywood, where former models like John Abraham and Arjun Rampal are ruling the roost, may have something to do with it.”They may not say so openly but a Shah Rukh Khan or a Hrithik Roshan is indeed role model for many men, who also buy designer clothes. Bollywood trends quickly become popular and the trend in tinseltown is for ripped bodies not skinny men,” said Bhargava.The models themselves rubbish the trend, as a mere flash in the pan.From Lalit Tehlan to Kabir Singh, the most popular models all sport gym toned abs and muscular physiques.And they say that they would rather emulate British model David Gandy, who became a over-night star after appearing in the Dolce & Gabbana perfume campaign wearing only a pair of tight white briefs.”The top earning male model today is David Gandy who is far from skinny. The trend for skinny models too I think too will fade out and the tall muscular frame will again become fashionable,” said upcoming model Ravinder Kuhar.
World Cup Pogba: Germany want World Cup revenge over France Dom Farrell Last updated 1 year ago 21:48 12/1/17 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Getty Images World Cup Paul Pogba Germany v France France Germany European Championship After Les Bleus dumped their neighbours out of Euro 2016 thanks to a couple of Antoine Griezmann goals, the Manchester United man is wary of them France star Paul Pogba fears Germany will be gunning for revenge if the two sides meet at the 2018 World Cup.Joachim Low’s reigning world champions and Les Bleus, led by Didier Deschamps, cannot be paired together in Friday’s group-stage draw in Moscow, with both nations ranked among the top seeds.A meeting at the business end of the tournament is possible, just as in the Euro 2016 semi-final, which saw France win in Marseille thanks to an Antoine Griezmann brace. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player Pogba and company suffered heartache of their own as Eder fired Portugal to a shock extra-time win in the final, but the Manchester United midfielder is confident a lavishly gifted squad can go all the way in Russia.“I’m really excited,” he told Sport Bild. “Ultimately, the opponents do not matter. I travel with France to win everything.”Germany will certainly want revenge for the semi-final against us at the European Championships last year.”Germany have improved since the European Championships and have many new promising talents. They are certainly among the favourites.”But we have also got even stronger and have a young, hungry team.”
Sunday night, the 2015 NCAA Tournament field was revealed, and unsurprisingly, Kentucky was named the overall No. 1 seed. The Wildcats are also the odds-on favorite to win this year’s national title, per Bovada. In fact, Kentucky is almost at even money to take home the trophy – they’re currently listed at 6:5 to win it all.Arizona, the 2-seed in the West Region, actually has the second-highest odds. Wisconsin checks in third, with Duke fourth. Villanova and Virginia come in at 10:1.Here’s a list of all 68 tournament teams, along with their odds to win the championship. You could make a lot of money betting on a 16-seed to win it all, but we wouldn’t advise it. No 16-seed has ever even won an NCAA Tournament game, much less a title.Who are you betting on?
By Latonya Linton, JIS Reporter Member of Parliament for North West St. Ann, Dr. Dayton Campbell, is recommending that adjustments be made to the Student Loan Bureau (SLB) to focus on areas of study that are critical to nation development.“I believe the SLB should first concern itself with making loans available to persons pursuing tertiary studies in areas…such as Mathematics, Pharmacy, Engineering, the Sciences,” he stated.Dr. Campbell was opening the debate on a private members motion on funding for tertiary education, on June 11 in the House of Representatives.He stated that new programmes should be assessed for relevance, in terms of whether they “respond to labour market needs, foster innovation or serve community aspirations, before approval”.Dr. Campbell said that while he is not suggesting that persons pursuing degrees that are “oversubscribed” or those with “a low employment potential” should be denied tertiary education, the SLB’s limited resources should be directed to those areas which are of strategic importance to the country, and at lower interest rates.These rates, he noted further, “should be inversely proportionate to the need of the area for national development thus the higher the need the lower the interest rate”.According to Dr. Campbell, the country is in need of Mathematics and Science teachers and in order to increase enrolment in these areas, students should get incentives to pursue these subjects at the tertiary level.“I want to take it a step further and propose that no income tax be collected for the first three years of employment for Mathematics and Science teachers, who needed state financing to complete their studies. This portion would instead go straight to the Bureau as a part of their repayment,” Dr. Campbell said.He also proposed the establishment of an income-contingency repayment plan, which would base the monthly loan repayments on the salaries of borrowers. He noted that such a loansystem addresses risk and uncertainty faced by individuals by providing insurance against inability to repay and improves progressiveness by providing a lower public subsidy for graduates that obtain higher private returns.Demand for student loans has increased over the last six years, moving from 6,600 persons in 2007 to 16,600 in 2012, and is projected to swell to over 20,000 persons for the upcoming academic year.The growth in demand, coupled with the annual increase in tuition costs, has significantly increased the pressure on the limited resources of the SLB to provide loans, which is estimated to reach $20 billion in the 2015/16 financial year.For the 2013/14 academic year, approximately $4.9 billion is required to fully cover the projected demand, which will be financed by the Education Tax and loan inflows from the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB).On March 19, the House of Representatives approved a Government guarantee of a US$20 million loan from the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) to the SLB.
Source:https://www.nrgoncology.org/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Oct 23 2018The long-term follow up of the NRG Oncology trial RTOG 9408, studying the addition of short-term androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) to radiotherapy (RT) for men with early, localized prostate adenocarcinoma, indicated that RT combined with ADT is superior to RT alone for overall survival (OS) up to 10.4 years following treatment. However, when researchers assessed these results up to 18 years, the benefits of adding ADT to RT dissipated. The results were presented at the American Society for Radiation Oncology’s Annual Meeting in San Antonio, TX on October 22, 2018 during the Genitourinary 2: Long-Term Updates of Prospective Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials session. The study was also awarded a “Best of ASTRO” designation.Related StoriesBacteria in the birth canal linked to lower risk of ovarian cancerResearchers use AI to develop early gastric cancer endoscopic diagnosis systemStudy reveals link between inflammatory diet and colorectal cancer riskThe primary aim of NRG-RTOG 9408 was to determine if the addition of four months of ADT before and during RT would improve the overall survival of men with prostate adenocarcinoma. Secondary objectives included determining the difference in disease-specific mortality (DSM), biochemical failure (BF), incidence of distant metastases (DM) and local progression (LP). 1974 men were randomly assigned to either receive RT alone (990 patients) or RT plus four months of ADT (984 patients).”After concluding that the addition of ADT did provide benefit for both primary and secondary aims, we continued to survey results up to 18 years from treatment. The median follow up for surviving patients was 14.8 years. Our study team noticed that overall survival data began to favor the radiotherapy alone arm over the experimental, androgen-deprivation therapy arm following the first ten years after treatment. However, disease-specific mortality, biochemical failure, incidence of distant metastases and local progression continued to show long-term benefit,” stated Dr. Christopher U. Jones of Sutter Cancer Centers and Lead Author of NRG-RTOG 9408.The incidence of late grade 3, 4, and 5 genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicities was low and similar between the ADT and RT arms.
Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Jan 24 2019The government of Liberia, in partnership with the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and EcoHealth Alliance, announced the discovery of Ebola virus in a bat in Liberia. This is the first finding of Zaire ebolavirus in a bat in West Africa, adding to other evidence suggesting bats serve as a natural wildlife reservoir for Ebola and other related viruses. Scientists found both genetic material from the virus and ebolavirus antibodies in a Greater Long-fingered bat (Mineopterus inflatus) in Liberia’s northeastern Nimba District. CII has been working to identify and characterize novel viruses at the intersection of humans and animals, on a global scale, for more than three decades. This work is a part of the USAID PREDICT project, which aims to better understand the animal reservoirs, seasonality, and transmission of viruses that can cause epidemic diseases.This is the first identification of Ebola virus in a bat in West Africa. There are six species of Ebola virus and Zaire ebolavirus is the one responsible for causing the West African Ebola epidemic which infected nearly 30,000 people between 2013 and 2016. Researchers at CII are working to determine whether the strain found in the bat is exactly the same one associated with the 2013-2016 outbreak. The evidence so far from about 20 percent of the virus’ genome suggests that it is closely related. Zaire ebolavirus is also responsible for the ongoing outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo, which is now the second deadliest Ebola outbreak in history.No human cases of Ebola are linked to this discovery and Liberia has remained free of any new human cases since the 2013-2016 outbreak. However, this finding brings us closer to understanding where human Ebola cases come from.”There have been unanswered questions about the source of Ebola outbreaks. There was speculation that they may have originated from bats, but there was no direct evidence,” says Simon Anthony, D.Phil, assistant professor of Epidemiology in the Center for Infection and Immunity at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, who led the laboratory discovery. “A critical element in this discovery, was VirCapSeq-VERT, a tool invented at the CII that improves the sensitivity of next generation sequencing 1,000-fold. It is possible that there are also other bat species that carry Ebola. Going forward, we will be analyzing additional specimens to fill in the picture.””This discovery is a major step forward in understanding how Ebola outbreaks happen,” says EcoHealth Alliance Vice President for Science and Outreach Jonathan Epstein, DVM. Epstein also serves as the lead for USAID-PREDICT in Liberia. “The West African Ebola epidemic was devastating, and it began with a single transmission from an animal to a person. It’s critical that we identify which animals naturally carry Ebola and related viruses – without knowing that, we can’t truly understand and reduce the risk of another outbreak occurring in the region.”The search for wildlife hosts for filoviruses like Ebola is a part of USAID’s PREDICT project, an international initiative to conduct surveillance and build local capacity to detect novel and known zoonotic viruses in nature so that countries are better prepared to prevent and respond to outbreaks. Partners in the discovery include EcoHealth Alliance; the Society for the Conservation of Nature, Liberia; the National Public Health Institute of Liberia; the Forest Development Authority; the Liberian Ministry of Agriculture; and Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health; and the University of California, Davis, which leads the PREDICT Consortium.Ebola is a zoonotic disease transmitted from wild animals to humansRelated StoriesVirus employs powerful strategy to inhibit natural killer cell functionPhoseon exhibits KeyPro KP100 UV LED instrument for virus inactivation at World Vaccine CongressResearchers compare American, Pacific and Southeast Asian subtypes of Zika virusEbola virus belongs to the Filoviridae family which also includes the Marburg and Cueva viruses. Like other zoonotic diseases (SARS, influenza, and rabies), Ebola virus is harbored by a natural animal reservoir, in Ebola’s case believed to include one or more species of bat, based on previous scientific studies. Prior Ebola outbreaks in Central Africa have been associated with deforestation and bushmeat hunting, where human cases were linked to contact with and consumption of chimpanzees, gorillas, and duikers that were infected. These animals were also victims of Ebola virus and it’s still a mystery as to exactly how they were infected. However, there is substantial evidence that filoviruses, such as Ebola and Marburg virus, are carried by bats. Marburg virus was recently discovered for the first time in Sierra Leone in its known bat reservoir, but it has historically been difficult to identify bats infected with Ebola virus.Bats play a critical role in ecosystems around the world, by removing pest insect species and pollinating fruiting trees, for example. The finding of Ebola virus in a bat should not be taken as a reason to exterminate, remove or harass bats in their natural environment. In fact, previous work shows that efforts to remove wildlife populations can lead to enhanced disease spread.”The government of Liberia has been not only a committed partner, but is working proactively to prevent further Ebola infections in the country,” says EcoHealth Alliance President Dr. Peter Daszak. “When we shared this discovery with them, they mobilized immediately to share these findings with their citizens. For the government to now be able to offer specific guidance so as to protect people’s health is critical. Past experience has shown that simply telling people not to eat bats is neither practical nor effective. Helping them live safely with bats is.”Keeping local communities safeGreater Long-fingered bats are found in parts of West Africa and other regions. They are an agriculturally important species in the area, as they eat insects which do damage to crops. Additionally, they do not tend to roost in homes or buildings, as some bats do. Instead they are found in forests, caves, and mines which makes preventing contact with them easier by avoiding entering caves or mines. The Liberian government is working to engage local communities about this finding to help reduce the possible risk of exposure and educate people about the positive impacts of bat species on pest control and the environment.Moving forwardFurther testing is underway to determine whether or not the virus detected in this bat is the same strain which caused the West African Ebola epidemic. The PREDICT team is also working with partners to understand how commonly these bats or other bat species may be infected with Ebola virus and whether there are any seasonal patterns to infection in bats, all of which helps understand risk to people and will inform public health strategies designed to prevent another Ebola outbreak.”This discovery is the result of an extraordinarily productive partnership between the government of Liberia, CII, EcoHealth Alliance, and UC Davis,” says Ian Lipkin, MD, director of CII. “It builds on years of investment and methods established under the auspices of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in biodefense and emerging infectious diseases.”Source: https://www.mailman.columbia.edu/