Millions of people in Assam on Sunday lived through the “the stroke of midnight”, to use Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s immortal words, as the Assam government published the first draft of an updated National Register of Citizens (NRC) of the State. While the document is meant to establish the credentials of a bona fide citizen, there are several questions surrounding the NRC. Here is a brief list of FAQs on the NRC.Why was it necessary to bring out an NRC in Assam?The NRC is being updated in Assam to detect Bangladeshi nationals, who may have illegally entered the State after the midnight of March 24, 1971, the cut-off date. This date was originally agreed to in the 1985 Assam Accord, signed between the then Rajiv Gandhi government and the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU).However, successive State governments failed to achieve much progress in detecting and deporting foreigners as set out in the Assam Accord. In 2005, another agreement was signed between the Centre, the then Tarun Gogoi government in Assam and the AASU where it was decided to update the NRC that was first published after the Census data of 1951 in post-Partition India.Though the Gogoi government had started the NRC update as a pilot project in some districts, it was stopped after violence broke out in some parts of the State.In July 2009, Assam Public Works (APW), an NGO, petitioned the Supreme Court for identification of Bangladeshi foreigners in the State and deletion of their names from the voters’ list.What will happen to those persons who don’t find their names in the draft register published on Monday?The list published on Monday is the first draft of the updated NRC. Another list is expected by February-end or early March, with more names and details.However, if a citizen’s name is missing, he or she can file an objection and request that the name be included after submitting the requisite documents to the NRC centre or online on the website www.nrcassam. nic.inIs there a possibility of violence in the State if a large number of people don’t find their names in the register?The Assam government did fear violence and hence requisitioned over 20,000 paramilitary personnel and requested the Army to be on standby to deal with any law-and-order issue.However, Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal said people, irrespective of their caste or religion, had taken part in the process and expressed confidence that the NRC update will not result in violence.The security challenge, however, will emerge only when the process of updating the NRC gets completed and a large number of people are left out.Is the NRC a court-mandated exercise?Yes, the publication of the first draft of the NRC by December 31, 2017 was ordered by the Supreme Court.The top court has been hearing this case since July 2009 when Assam Public Works moved court to intervene in detecting and deporting Bangladeshis.Should persons of Assam living in other parts of the country also have their names in the register?NRC is a process by which a bona fide Indian citizen can be distinguished from a foreigner.If a person from Assam is living or working in another part of the country, it is advisable to get oneself registered and establish one’s legacy as an “inhabitant” of Assam.
Malcolm Glazer, a reclusive self-made billionaire and patriarch of the family that owns the NFL’s Tampa Bay Buccaneers and the Manchester United soccer club, died on Wednesday, the teams said. He was 85.Glazer, who as a teenager sold watch parts from a suitcase before building a wide-ranging business empire, bought the Buccaneers in 1995 for a then-NFL record of $192 million. He later persevered with the purchase of Manchester United, one of England’s most-storied soccer teams in 2005, a deal that fueled controversy because of its debt-driven financing.However, Glazer was largely sidelined in recent years from both the teams’ business dealings by a series of strokes.After his purchase of the Buccaneers, he led what had traditionally been one of the weakest teams in the National Football League to its first Super Bowl championship in 2003.”A dynamic business leader, Glazer helped mold the Buccaneers into a model franchise and one respected league-wide,” the Buccaneers said in a statement on their website.His supporters credited him with spending big to hire players and a coaching staff to turn around a team in one of the NFL’s smallest markets.While the team has struggled on the field recently, Glazer’s investment has proved profitable and the business magazine Forbes estimates it is now worth more than $1 billion.His death is unlikely to lead to any ownership change, according to a statement by the Buccaneers. The family’s “long established estate succession plan” means the team “will remain with the Glazer family for generations to come,” the team said.advertisementManchester United takeoverGlazer raised his profile in 2005 with an aggressive debt-driven $1.47 billion takeover of Manchester United that was widely opposed by many of the club’s fans.Fans, under the banner “loveUnitedhateGlazer,” argued the debt built up in the deal would hurt the club and force supporters to pay higher ticket prices.Glazer went on, however, to preside over one of the most successful eras in the club’s storied history.”The thoughts of everyone at Manchester United are with the family tonight,” the team said in a statement.Under Glazer’s ownership, the team won five Premier League titles in England as well as the 2008 UEFA Champions League championship.Manchester United is widely considered one of the world’s most valuable sports teams, though it recently ended the season in 7th place in the Premier League, the club’s lowest finish in two decades.Glazer no longer had any day-to-day connection to the club and the ownership is in the hands of Glazer’s children, led by the club’s co-chairs, Avram and Joel Glazer.The family retains a 90 percent stake in the club that is split evenly among Glazer’s six children. The remaining 10 percent is listed on the New York Stock ExchangeGlazer, the fifth of seven children born to Jewish Lithuanian immigrants, turned to sports after a successful business career.As a young man, Glazer used the profits from a family watch-parts business he inherited at the age of 15 to make investments in a range of real estate ventures, including mobile homes and nursing homes, many of them in Florida during the 1970s.He first came to prominence in the 1980s when he built up stakes in two big brand names – kitchen surfaces company Formica and motorcycle maker Harley Davidson – before cashing in. He later launched a series of failed bids, including a $7.6 billion attempt to buy the bankrupt freight rail company Conrail.Glazer also founded First Allied, a holding company for the family’s business, which includes dozens of malls and shopping centers in the United States.A decade later, the Glazer family gained a controlling stake in the oil company Zapata, which was founded by former President George H.W. Bush.Forbes estimates the net worth of Glazer and his family at $4 billion.
Borna Coric ended Roger Federer’s 20-match winning streak on grass, beating him 7-6(6) 3-6 6-2 in the Halle Open final on Sunday while also bringing to a halt the Swiss maestro’s reign as world number one.Federer was denied a 10th title in the German grasscourt tournament as Croatian Coric handed the 36-year-old his first setback on an otherwise serene road towards defending his Wimbledon title.The defeat meant that Rafa Nadal will return to the top of the world rankings on Monday.World number 34 Coric, playing in his first grasscourt final, showed great mental toughness and determination to fend off two set points before clinching the opening set after 57 minutes.Federer responded by applying further pressure on Coric’s serve in the second set before converting a break point in the eighth game to force a decider. The 21-year-old then broke Federer in the sixth game of the final set when the Swiss sliced a backhand long, before claiming only his second ATP title.It was Federer’s first defeat on grass since a second-round loss to German Tommy Haas at Stuttgart in June last year.He also remains two matches away from matching Jimmy Connors’ all-time record of 174 victories on the surface as he missed out on a 99th career title.”Many congratulations Borna for your first grass title,” Federer said in the post-match presentation. “You played a wonderful match and deserved to win at the end.”Coric is projected to rise to a new career-high 21st in the world rankings next week after collecting wins over the tournament’s top two seeds, Federer and Alexander Zverev.advertisementFederer, who lifted the Stuttgart title last week, will be bidding for a record-extending ninth men’s singles crown at Wimbledon, which begins on July 2.