Dr Jerry Bergman is a contributing author and scientist for Creation-Evolution Headlines. Read his Author Profile for his previous articles. (Visited 531 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 by Dr Jerry BergmanAudio Playerhttps://crev.info/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Bergman-20170603-ReproducibilityCrisis.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Concerns about unreliable findings in biomedical research, such as cancer research, have been well documented. The problem is known as the ‘reproducibility crisis.’ If this is a problem in a field open to observation and visible in the here and now—biomedical research—what about evolution, which is based on events and extinct life forms that are claimed to have existed eons ago?University of Bristol Professor Marcus Munafò writes in Nature in a book review about the crisis,As scientists, we are supposed to be objective and disinterested, careful sifters of evidence. The reality is messier. Our training can give us only so much protection from natural tendencies to see patterns in randomness, respond unconsciously to incentives, and argue forcefully in defence of our own positions, even in the face of mounting contrary evidence. In the competitive crucible of modern science, various perverse incentives conspire to undermine the scientific method, leading to a literature littered with unreliable findings. It’s an alarming statement. The problem is even more serious, though, with evolutionary studies. These are usually based on fragmentary pieces of evidence, like fossils or genes, that evolutionists sometimes manipulate to defend their particular ideas, or at least to try to provide some semblance of plausibility for their pet theories. As Mark Twain aptly stated a century ago, reconstruction of past life is often based on “nine bones and six hundred barrels of plaster.”A wide-ranging critique of modern biomedical research by science journalist Richard Harris documents the fact that, over the past decade the replication of many published research findings has shown their results to be false, or at least questionable.  And since most findings in biomedical science have not been replicated, the actual failures may be far worse than Harris documents. In his book, Rigor Mortis: How Sloppy Science Creates Worthless Cures, Crushes Hope, and Wastes Billions, Harris calls for a new discipline to address the problem: he calls it ‘meta-science,’ the scientific study of science itself (4/04/17).Among the shocking examples Harris cites, there was a 2012 study by Glenn Begley that found only 11% (6 out of 53) of ‘landmark’ cancer research studies could be confirmed by the biotechnology firm Amgen.  Since then, “numerous studies (most recently in psychology and cancer biology) have confirmed that failure to replicate published findings is the norm.” Munafò continues, saying that “Harris identifies potential culprits, from the complexity of modern biomedical science to the limitations of tools and training, and perverse incentives in modern academia.”  The worst failure rate came from a study that “replicated 100 psychology studies, and fewer than half got the same results” as the original published papers. The reasons for irreproducibility are many, but whatever the causes, these alarming statistics show that many original or even replicated studies are unreliable. This study was originally published in one of the most prestigious science magazines, Science.  And much research on evolution theories cannot even be replicated in the same way that biomedical research can. At best, the evidence used to arrive at evolutionary conclusions can be reexamined – that is, if permission is granted by the person or organization that owns the artifacts, often bones.Replication is an important scientific tool for exposing fraudulent research. Many consider it a hallmark of science. In actual practice, though, replication often is not carried out for many reasons. Most researchers lack the time, money, and motivation to replicate the work of others because replication is not original science. It is mostly arduous work with few potential rewards. The scientific establishment and the media reward originality. Being second usually wins few accolades. For these and other reasons, replications of most studies are infrequently attempted unless they are particularly controversial.Another reason replication is not often attempted is because it requires the original experimenters to delineate the exact protocol they used for their experiments. But in evolutionary studies, analysis of fossils or other data cited in papers, often are not, or cannot, be perfectly described in detail. The descriptions published by researchers may be detailed, but are often incomplete.Munafò lists a few of the many problems with both biomedical and evolutionary studies:Failure is a normal part of science, but dressing it up as success (for example, by presenting a secondary outcome as the primary outcome) is misleading. So is packaging exploratory, hypothesis-generating work as confirmatory, hypothesis-testing work. Unfortunately, with few ways to publish negative results, such practices are encouraged by incentives to present clean results with a compelling narrative, and be the first to do so.The lesson is clear. We must read all science studies with a skeptical eye – especially studies purported to show evidence for Darwinism. Marcus Munafò, “Reproducibility blues.” Nature, 543:619. March 30, 2017. Richard Harris, Rigor Mortis: How Sloppy Science Creates Worthless Cures, Crushes Hope, and Wastes Billions. New York: Basic Books, 2017. C. Glen Begley and Lee M. Ellis, “Drug development: Raise standards for preclinical cancer research.” Nature. 483:531–533, 2012. Munafò, Ibid. Brian Handwerk, “Scientists Replicated 100 Psychology Studies, and Fewer Than Half Got the Same Results.” Smithsonian.com, August 27, 2015. “Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science.” Science, 349(6251):943. August 28, 2015. Munafò, Ibid.
Related Posts The cranky elves that run the iPhone App Store may be warming up after all to the emerging field of Augmented Reality (AR). AR app makers, who are building sci-fi-like interfaces for viewing data about the physical world on top of the mobile phone’s camera, were beginning to feel spurned. Today Apple both approved the most eagerly anticipated Augmented Reality app yet, Amsterdam’s AR browser Layar (iTunes link), and made its primary challenger, Wikitude (iTunes link), a featured app in the iTunes App Store.Those moves came a month after many AR-watchers were dissapointed that Apple didn’t offer big support to Augmented Reality when launching the latest version of the iPhone OS. Some critics complain that even if some forms of AR are being permitted by Apple, the company still has a tight grip on APIs that could enable whole new methods of displaying data on top of the phone’s camera view if made publicly available. It’s not a happy relationship, but perhaps that’s beginning to change.Layar is a browser that displays geo-located information like real-estate listings and restaurant reviews on top of a mobile camera’s view of its surroundings. The company has used well-made demo videos to stoke excitement among iPhone owners for months. The app has long been available on Android handsets but just emerged from the dark and mysterious iTunes App Store approval process this morning.Its competitor Wikitude displays Wikipedia data (as Layar does) as well as user-generated Points of Interest input through its website Wikitude.me. Wikitude was made a featured app in iTunes today, just hours before Layar went live in the store. A long list of AR companies were at the edge of their seats waiting for a big announcement in September, believing that Apple would make public all the technical hooks they needed to create an Augmented Reality experience. Instead of the expected opening-up and perhaps some publicity for this very eye-catching software niche, Apple opened up only some of the APIs needed, didn’t make any public mention of AR and has slowly let AR apps trickle into the App Store with no fan-fare over the last month.All of this creates a very different experience for startups compared to the way they can launch apps on Android phones. They simply post them to the Android App Store, no approval process needed. Application developers are also working on AR for Nokia, a handset with far greater user numbers than the iPhone has – but everyone’s been waiting for AR to bloom on the much-hyped iPhone and Apple hasn’t been very supportive.Robert Rice wrote in an open letter last week that:“One of two things needs to happen. Either Apple needs to quit screwing us around and make [all] the APIs public so we can get back to the business of innovating and building a new industry, or the respective communities of developers and venture capitalists need to abandon Apple entirely. There are good alternatives out there that may not be as shiny, but are certainly as powerful and definitely more open for us to work with.”It’s also possible that Apple hasn’t been offering AR apps meaningful support because so far they are a little dissapointing once consumers get their hands on them. GPS data is clumsy, data sets are incomplete and the user experience still hasn’t been nailed yet by anyone. It’s also borderline embarrassing to wave your phone around in the air when out in public, surrounded by people you don’t know. That’s quite unlike the usual experience Apple tries to associate with itself.Perhaps things are changing, though. It’s exciting to think about bringing latent geo-located data out into a view accessible through a mobile phone. It would be nice to see Apple help advance this early field, instead of giving it the cold shoulder and silent treatment. End-users should recognize as well that the super-wow but controlled experience of the iPhone could be holding back other, even more exciting innovations. 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App marshall kirkpatrick Tags:#Augmented Reality#NYT#web 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People…
Odisha farmers’ incomes grew more than seven times over a span of 13 years, the Naveen Patnaik government has claimed.The government, in its recently released draft Agriculture Policy 2019, says an average Odisha farmer earned around ₹7,731 per month, or around ₹92,772 per year.Draft policy“In 2002-03, his average monthly income was ₹1,062, which means that in the 13 years between 2002-03 and 2015-16, Odisha farmers’ incomes grew more than seven times or at a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 16.5% in nominal terms and 8.4% in real terms,” it states.The draft policy states that comparing the CAGR with other Indian States, Odisha’s growth rate emerges as the highest in the country during that period.“During the same period, average Indian farmer’s income grew from ₹2,115 to ₹8,931 which is at a CAGR of 11.7% in nominal and 3.7% in real terms. Odisha is fast catching up with other Indian States. Odisha’s farmer incomes grew much faster than even the rate at which its own agricultural GDP grew,” it says.According to the draft policy, between 2002-03 and 2015-16, Odisha’s agricultural GDP grew at a CAGR of 3.7% and its farmer incomes grew at more than double that rate at 8.4%.Odisha is largely a rural-agrarian economy. Close to 83% of its people live in rural areas and about 61.8% of its 17.5 million work-force is employed in agriculture. In the 16 years since the beginning of this century (2000-01 to 2016-17), Odisha’s agricultural GDP nearly doubled in real terms, clocking an average annual growth rate of about 4.5%, higher than the India average of 3.1%. The State accounts for 3% of India’s agricultural GDP.
Baltimore Ravens quarterback Joe Flacco started the preseason right where he left off last year. On his way to helping his team destroy the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, he completed seven of nine passes for 57 yards. Ravens running back Bernard Pierce scored on a 20-yard run, and Baltimore’s defense pummeled Tampa Bay, forcing four turnovers in the 44-16 victory on Thursday night.“We’re a very different team than we were, so we were really anxious to get on the field and just see who we are, because we really don’t know in a lot of ways,” coach John Harbaugh of the Baltimore Ravens said after Thursday night’s 44-16 victory over the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. “We suspect we have a chance to be a good team, but we’ve got a long way to go as far as being on the same page in a lot of ways, so it’s a good thing we’ve got preseason, obviously.”The Ravens backup quarterback Tyrod Taylor threw two TD passes, including a 21-yarder to LaQuan Williams, who also scored on a blocked punt recovery in the end zone.“It’s good to see him step up and make plays,” Harbaugh said of Williams. “Here’s a guy that just brings his lunch pail every single week, puts on his blue collar work shirt and goes to work. To see him make those plays, he’s got tremendous talent.”The Ravens are the defending Super Bowl champions, and by the looks of it, they may be a heavy contender for this season’s playoffs. Then again, it’s only preseason.
In a feeble attempt to get noticed by Real Madrid, Mexican legend Hugo Sanchez offered himself to manage the club on television.When anybody talks about Hugo Sanchez the player, we immediately revive the incredible years he had in Spanish football playing for both Atletico Madrid and Real Madrid.During that time, the Pentapichichi won a total of five top-scorer trophies and became the biggest player in Mexican football history without a doubt.Maybe Rafael Marquez won more collective accolades when he played for Barcelona in modern times, but nobody can ever rival what Hugo did for Real Madrid during his golden era.The problem here is the following, all that success happened over 30 years ago and the players from the new generations barely remember Hugo Sanchez despite what he did in Spanish football.Another problem is his managerial career, one that was relatively short-lived and very controversial.Coaching Pumas was the best moment of Hugo’s career as a manager, he won the championship twice in a row and even defeated Real Madrid in the Santiago Bernabeu trophy during the summer of 2004.That success he has with Pumas was the biggest at club level, everything changed when he tried his luck in Europe as the Almeria boss.💥 ¡GOLAZO DE CHILENA! 🇲🇽 @hugosanchez_9🗓 1988/89🆚 @realvalladolid#RMHistory https://t.co/7UovG4pld9— Real Madrid C.F.⚽ (@realmadrid) November 2, 2018Sanchez’s first year in La Liga was relatively successful as he managed to save the club from relegation, but wasn’t able to maintain the level during the next season and he was ultimately sacked.His biggest moment for that club apart from saving it was the 1-0 defeat against Barcelona, on the day when his player Chico neutralized Xavi Hernandez.But that was about it, nothing more exciting happened for Hugo Sanchez during his managerial career in European football.A different story was told when he coached the National Team from his country, Sanchez was able to leave the Mexican squad on third place at the 2007 Copa America in Venezuela and completed an impressive achievement on the international stage.Hugo’s whole plan with Mexico was to reach the 2010 World Cup and compete at the highest level, but this man is historically famous for not controlling his ego and it played him a bad joke when the 2008 Olympics were about to happen.Hugo being himself, decided that he would manage the u-23 Mexican squad and didn’t count on being eliminated from the competition that qualified every nation to the event. This got Sanchez sacked and nobody ever looked back on that decision.⏱ #Cronómetro📋 #ENCUESTA🗣 @hugosanchez_9: “Son pocos en el mundo que pueden estar al frente de ese vestuario y se lo digo a Florentino Pérez, ya estoy listo”.Zidane reveals Sergio Ramos injury concern for Real Madrid Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane has put Sergio Ramos’ availability for Real Madrid’s trip to Sevilla next weekend in doubt after withdrawing him against Levante.🤔 ¿Hugo Sánchez es buena opción para dirigir a @realmadrid?🔃 RT: Sí❤ MG: No🎙 #JoserraVSPuig pic.twitter.com/J6nNM2nkqk— Cronómetro (@ESPN_Cronometro) October 30, 2018Today, Sanchez works as a football pundit for Mexican ESPN and keeps looking for that second chance with Mexico… or that golden opportunity for Real Madrid which he attempted last week.In the wake of Julen Lopetegui’s dismissal, Sanchez took it upon himself to offer Florentino Perez his services and let everybody make a mockery out of his strange approach.“Very few people in the world can handle that locker room and I want to tell Florentino Perez that I’m ready to his face. If you call me, you know where to find me,” sputed Hugo Sanchez.“I am capable and well-prepared for the challenge, but if you don’t call me, then keep on looking and see if you find someone. Now you know Florentino, I’ll be waiting for your call.”“Zidane is the most recent example with one La Liga trophy, three Champions League, two Club World Cups, and two European Supercups.”“He won many titles, but the players are looking for someone to respect and admire. I’ve been where they are right now, I’ve done everything they have and I can tell them what to do,” he added.#HugoSanchez se candidatea para dirigir al Real MadridSe escucha ya hasta malSe candidateo para dirigir a:@miseleccionmx @tigres @Rayados @ClubAmericaEtcéterasY nadie lo pela, ya se lo dijo @Faitelson_ESPN no tiene curriculum como DT por Dios. Ya hablen con él pic.twitter.com/dU9YSUuMV5— Golden Boy ⚽️️👍🏻 (@intelecto7) October 30, 2018What do you think about Hugo Sanchez’s offering to Real Madrid and Florentino Perez? Please share your opinion in the comment section down below.
Prince Gets His Own Color Purple prince-gets-his-own-purple-pantone-color-love-symbol-2 The “Purple Rain” writer’s estate announce the official name of the hue Prince has used since 1984Nate HertweckGRAMMYs Aug 14, 2017 – 12:31 pm GRAMMY.comFew artists in any medium have built a stronger association to a specific color that Prince has to purple. Now, the late GRAMMY winner’s estate has announced a new Pantone purple color in his honor called Love Symbol #2. Twitter News NETWORK ERRORCannot Contact ServerRELOAD YOUR SCREEN OR TRY SELECTING A DIFFERENT VIDEO May 15, 2017 – 1:50 am Prince’s GRAMMY memories Email Prince Gets His Own Purple Pantone Color: Love Symbol #2 Facebook “The (naturally) purple hue, represented by [Prince’s] ‘Love Symbol #2’ was inspired by his custom-made Yamaha purple piano, which was originally scheduled to go on tour with the performer before his untimely passing at the age of 57,” said a statement from Pantone. “The color pays tribute to Prince’s indelible mark on music, art, fashion, and culture.”The singer’s death in April 2016 sent shock waves through the music community worldwide. Known by many fans as “The Purple One,” Prince immortalized the color in his GRAMMY Hall Of Fame-inducted 1984 film and soundtrack, Purple Rain.”The color purple was synonymous with who Prince was and will always be,” said Troy Carter, entertainment advisor to Prince’s estate. “This is an incredible way for his legacy to live on forever.”Read A Taste Of Beyoncé’s Foreword To Prince’s New Photo Book
New Zealand prime minister Jacinda Ardern meets representatives of the Muslim community at Canterbury refugee centre in Christchurch, New Zealand 16 March, 2019. Photo: ReutersNew Zealand prime minister Jacinda Ardern said on Monday she would announce new gun laws within days, after 50 people were killed in mass shootings at two mosques in the city of Christchurch.Australian Brenton Tarrant, 28, a suspected white supremacist, was charged with murder on Saturday. Tarrant was remanded without a plea and is due back in court on 5 April where police said he was likely to face more charges.”Within 10 days of this horrific act of terrorism we will have announced reforms which will, I believe, make our community safer,” Ardern said at news conference after her cabinet reached in principle decisions on gun reform laws in the wake of New Zealand’s worst ever mass shooting.In addition to the 50 killed, dozens were wounded at two mosques in the South Island city during Friday prayers.The owner of a New Zealand gun store the man charged with murder in the mosque shootings had bought firearms and ammunition online from the store, but it did not sell him the high-powered weapon used in the massacre.Gun City owner David Tipple said the alleged gunman bought four weapons and ammunition between December 2017 and March 2018.”The MSSA, military-style automatic, reportedly used by the alleged gunman was not purchased from Gun City. Gun City did not sell him an MSSA, only A-category firearms,” Tipple told a news conference in Christchurch.Under New Zealand gun laws, A-category weapons can be semi-automatic but limited to seven shots. Video of a gunman in one mosque showed a semi-automatic with a large magazine round.Tipple said the online purchases followed a police-verified online mail-order process and A-category firearms were bought in three or four purchases.”We detected nothing extraordinary about the licence holder. He was a brand new purchaser, with a brand new licence,” he said.The shock of the attacks has led to calls for an immediate tightening of laws to restrict access to some firearms, particularly semi-automatic weapons.Tipple said he supported Ardern’s call for gun law reforms as the Christchurch shootings had raised legitimate concerns.New Zealand, a country of only 5 million people, has an estimated 1.5 million firearms. The minimum age for a gun license is 16, and 18 to own a semi-automatic weapon.A Radio New Zealand report, based on police data secured through an Official Information Act request, said more than 99 per cent of people who applied for a firearms licence in 2017 were successful.A New Zealand standard A-category firearm licence is issued after a police and background check. No licence is required to buy a large round magazine, which can be illegally modified for use in such a weapon.Only firearm owners are licensed, not weapons, so there is no monitoring of how many weapons a person may possess.New Zealand’s top online marketplace Trade Me Group said it was halting the sale of semi-automatic weapons in the wake of Friday’s attack.BURIAL FRUSTRATIONSArdern was the first signatory of a national condolence book for the country’s worst mass killing that she opened in the capital Wellington on Monday.”On behalf of all New Zealanders, we grieve together. We are one. They are us,” she wrote in the book.Frustration was building among the families of victims as under Islam it is custom to conduct burials within 24 hours, but bodies will not be released until post mortems are carried out.Deputy police commissioner Wally Haumaha said the first body was approved for release on Sunday night, but the family was yet to take the body because another relative was also killed and they wanted to collect them together. He said there would be no burials on Monday.”We’ve been working fairly hard through the night to ensure the process of returning the deceased to their loved ones is taking place expediently,” he said.The burial process, which usually involves washing with three kinds of water, salving wounds and scrubbing skin, would be complicated, volunteers in Christchurch said.Mo, a volunteer who had flown in from Brisbane to wash the bodies, said the people who died in the mosques were classified as martyrs. That meant there were different views as to whether they would be washed or not because he said Islamic jurisprudence said martyrs are not to be washed as their blood was witness to their martyrdom.”But some people have said because it was not a battlefield it is okay to wash the body. But it is at the discretion of the family,” said Mo. He asked to be identified by just one name. The two mosques involved in the shootings have been closed since the massacre, but are expected to reopen by Friday prayers after cleansing blessings were carried out, said Haumaha.Muslim leaders conveyed messages of love, compassion and appreciation for the community support they had received.Over the weekend and into Monday, tens of thousands of people flocked to memorial vigils around New Zealand and a victim support website raised more than NZ$5.5 million ($3.8 million).Hundreds visited the sites of the shootings, performing songs, bringing flowers and food, and offering condolences.”Through all of this we try to remember that what we are bringing back to this tragedy, this horror, is a sense of compassion,” Rehanna Ali, coordinator of women’s affairs’ at the Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand, told a news conference. “The response to so much hate, has been love.”