Six British Antarctic Survey stations were operational during the year. A new station, at Rothera Point, Adelaide Island, is being built to replace Adelaide station. Its development is providing a unique opportunity to study changes in the microbial, invertebrate, plant and birdpopulations as a result of human activities, including the inevitable atmospheric pollution and the localized influence of tracked vehicles. Several small sites have been set up to study these changes. Among the senior Survey staff to visit the bases this season were Dr R. M. Laws (Director), and Mr W. R. Piggott (Head of Atmospheric Sciences). Other visitors included Dr B.B. Roberts, Dr L. Ferraz, a Brazilian observer, and Mr D. Smith, a British artist.
The Southern Hemisphere (SH) westerly winds are thought to be critical to global ocean circulation, productivity, and carbon storage. For example, an equatorward shift in the winds, though its affect on the Southern Ocean circulation, has been suggested as the leading cause for the reduction in atmospheric CO2 during the Last Glacial period. Despite the importance of the winds, it is currently not clear, from observations or model results, how they behave during the Last Glacial. Here, an atmospheric modelling study is performed to help determine likely changes in the SH westerly winds during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Using LGM boundary conditions, the maximum in SH westerlies is strengthened by ∼+1 m s−1 and moved southward by ∼2° at the 850 hPa pressure level. Boundary layer stabilisation effects over equatorward extended LGM sea-ice can lead to a small apparent equatorward shift in the wind band at the surface. Further sensitivity analysis with individual boundary condition changes indicate that changes in sea surface temperatures are the strongest factor behind the wind change. The HadAM3 atmospheric simulations, along with published PMIP2 coupled climate model simulations, are then assessed against the newly synthesised database of moisture observations for the LGM. Although the moisture data is the most commonly cited evidence in support of a large equatorward shift in the SH winds during the LGM, none of the models that produce realistic LGM precipitation changes show such a large equatorward shift. In fact, the model which best simulates the moisture proxy data is the HadAM3 LGM simulation which shows a small poleward wind shift. While we cannot prove here that a large equatorward shift would not be able to reproduce the moisture data as well, we show that the moisture proxies do not provide an observational evidence base for it.
The adaptive value of phenotypic plasticity for performance under single stressors is well documented. However, plasticity may only truly be adaptive in the natural multifactorial environment if it confers resilience to stressors of a different nature, a phenomenon known as cross‐tolerance. An understanding of the mechanistic basis of cross‐tolerance is essential to aid prediction of species resilience to future environmental change. Here, we identified mechanisms underpinning cross‐tolerance between two stressors predicted to increasingly challenge aquatic ecosystems under climate change, chronic warming and hypoxia, in an ecologically‐important aquatic invertebrate. Warm acclimation improved hypoxic performance through an adaptive hypometabolic strategy and changes in the expression of hundreds of genes that are important in the response to hypoxia. These ‘frontloaded’ genes showed a reduced reaction to hypoxia in the warm acclimated compared to the cold acclimated group. Frontloaded genes included stress indicators, immune response and protein synthesis genes that are protective at the cellular level. We conclude that increased constitutive gene expression as a result of warm acclimation reduced the requirement for inducible stress responses to hypoxia. We propose that transcriptional frontloading contributes to cross‐tolerance between stressors and may promote fitness of organisms in environments increasingly challenged by multiple anthropogenic threats.
2,989 animals sheltered, 82% from Vanderburgh CountyVHS is an open-admission shelter, which means we do not turn away any owner-surrendered animals. People do not have to live in Vanderburgh County/Evansville to surrender an animal or use almost ANY of our services (excluding the Pit Stop program.) We are one of the largest animal welfare agencies in the entire Tri-State. We pride ourselves on being open-admission and on the standard of care we provide. We accept owner-surrendered animals, stray animals as space allows, and we also transfer in animals from other local shelters who are full as often as we can. (Mainly dogs.) We accept any type of domestic animal with the exception of horses & cows due to lack of housing. This includes not just dogs, cats, and rabbits, but also reptiles, pocket pets & rodents, birds, pigs, goats, and even hermit crabs.438 Euthanized/DiedThis is always a hard number for people to read. But we are open about our practices and why euthanasia still happens. There are still animals who arrive at shelters with severe, life-threatening diseases. There are also incoming animals with behavior or aggression problems that would be considered unsafe in almost any home, much less one with young children. We are not a “no-kill” shelter and we do not claim to be. It’s a misleading and often overused term in the animal welfare world.In 2016:– 34 animals died (all of these were very young, sick kittens)– 404 animals were euthanized: 150 for aggression/behavior, and 254 for severe health issues.In 2008, the first full year after our Low-Cost Spay & Neuter Clinic opened, we had to euthanize 1,804 animals. This is a pretty heartbreaking number, and it was pretty typical of most other years prior to that. But look at how euthanasia rates have changed since then:2009: 1,951 (more animals taken in than in 2008)2010: 1,382 2011: 1,3382012: 1,0342013: 7802014: 5482015: 4582016: 404 (438 less 34 who died naturally)We have decreased euthanasia by 78% since our Spay & Neuter Clinic opened!! This is an astronomical accomplishment, and there are almost no other contributing factors. Although other animal welfare agencies have appeared recently, they do not affect our intake or euthanasia numbers. For example:Another Chance for Animals pulls exclusively from Evansville Animal Control. The only affiliation.It Takes a Village Canine Rescue deals with dogs only, whereas 2/3 of the animals we deal with are cats. Plus, while ITV occasionally rescues local dogs, many of theirs come from trips out-of-state to go acquire dogs from other shelters in states like Alabama. Many groups like ITV, PC Pound Puppies, and others also warehouse dogs for years upon years just for the sake of “life at any cost” without evaluating their behavior the way we do.Other counties’ agencies, such as Posey Humane Society, Warrick Humane Society, PAAWS, and Gibson County Animal Services have significantly smaller capacities. In fact, we have transferred animals in TO our facility from almost all of these agencies including the “no-kill” ones recently because of our adoption success and extra space. In a perfect world, no animal would have to be euthanized. But we don’t live in a perfect world. Every single animal that was euthanized was an individual. Every single one had a name and a story. And every single one received love and equal care during their time with us, however long that was. What’s important to remember is that we need to tackle these problems in our community at the source:– socialization, obedience, & behavior training for all puppies beginning at a young age, no matter where they come from, and their owners– spay & neuter to prevent overpopulation and genetic health & behavior problems– enforcement of current Vanderburgh County ordinances that require a breeder’s license and a limit on number of animals per household– responsible ownership, including providing regular vet care for the duration of the pet’s life We also provide surgeries for 15 other agencies in Vanderburgh, Warrick, Posey, Perry, and Hancock counties in Indiana; and Henderson, Hopkins, McLean, & Daviess counties in Kentucky.Humane EducationPart of our mission is to provide humane education to the public so we can tackle our community’s animal-related issues at the source. We provide programs for people of all ages and abilities through our Humane Education Department. Program topics include responsible pet ownership, dog bite prevention, and many others. Those would wish to inquire about setting up a program or tour for a school/preschool, Scout troop, church group, or business, should call (812) 426-5263 extension 206.More than 12,000 lbs. of pet food served to ~395 families through Emergency Pet Food AssistanceOur pet food bank is there for low-income pet owners who are temporarily having a hard time making ends meet. Rather than having to relinquish their pets to a shelter, programs like this help ensure that more pets can stay in their homes until their families get back on their feet. Food assistance operates twice monthly, on the 2nd and 4th Monday of each month (excluding major holidays) from 12:00-3:00 in the rear lobby. A driver’s license must be provided, and preference is given to those whose pets are spayed or neutered. 17 FIV+ Cats AdoptedFor many years, being positive for FIV (feline immunodeficiency virus) was a death sentence for shelter cats. Now we have much more knowledge about this disease, and we can put positive cats up for adoption. Many cats live long, happy, healthy lives with FIV, and can even live with cats who are negative! The public can find information about fostering a pet in need at www.vhslifesaver.org. 103 Reclaimed by OwnerThese are animals who were lost and came to the VHS as strays, and their owners were able to reunite with them. Many of these were due to microchips and/or collars with up-to-date tags. Microchipping is offered every Saturday at our Low-Cost Vaccine Clinic at 8:00 am for $25.29,101 Doses of Medication GivenThis includes flea/tick prevention, medications for common conditions like infections or wounds, ear mite treatment, etc. as well as more significant medications for illnesses or injuries. Many local shelters & rescues work collaboratively together toward these goals along with the Evansville Police Department, a lawyer, and a local veterinarian through EPAW, the Evansville Partnership for Animal Welfare. 227 Transferred OutThese are animals that we sent to other facilities who had more space. The vast majority of these are cats who went to less-crowded shelters in Chicago. We continue to struggle with overcrowding of cats every year at VHS. 25 Dogs Treated for HeartwormsHeartworm treatment costs an average of $250 for one adoptable shelter dog. It’s a significant expense that VHS incurs, and that cost is never passed on to adopters. The public can make a donation specifically to the Maxine Fund at www.vhslifesaver.org to help us treat heartworm-positive dogs in 2017. 19 Pets Housed through Safe PetsThis program is designed to provide a resource for pets belonging to people fleeing domestic violence situations. We work closely with human agencies such as Albion Fellows Bacon Center and the YWCA. For information on this program, visit www.vhslifesaver.org or call (812) 426-2563 extension 220. 60th AnniversaryIn 2017, the Vanderburgh Humane Society will celebrate its 60th anniversary as an organization. This would not have been possible without decades of support from right here in the Evansville community. VHS encourages the public to help mark this significant milestone by making a tax-deductible donation at www.vhslifesaver.org, or by calling (812) 426-2563 to find out how to get involved. Donors, volunteers, adopters, and fosters are always needed. A celebratory ice cream social event will be held on Saturday, June 24, 2017 at the shelter and is open & free to the public. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail 496 Animals Benefited from Foster CareOur foster care program serves a variety of animals. These include:– unweaned puppies & kittens– sick or injured animals– undersocialized animals– animals who are severely stressed in the shelter environment– pets enrolled in the Safe Pets program for domestic violence victims (see below) 250+ participants, 1,000+ hours through Cardio For CaninesThe VHS’ newest program began last June and has exploded in popularity! Anyone can come walk or run with a shelter dog at Garvin Park on Saturday mornings from 8:00-9:30 am. For additional details about CFC, visit them on Facebook at www.facebook.com/cardioforcaninesor on Instagram at @cardioforcanines.Davidson Rausch Low-Cost Spay & Neuter/Vaccine ClinicOur Clinic is celebrating its 10th birthday this summer! Since that time, we have altered more than 58,000 local animals. Spay & neuter is the only permanent solution to overpopulation, and we are making a drastic impact in our community through the Clinic.Our Pit Stop Program focuses on spaying/neutering pit bull-type dogs in Vanderburgh County at no cost to their owners. 49 pit bull-type dogs were fixed in 2016. By reducing the number of unaltered dogs like these running the streets, we can greatly improve their chances of survival in shelters, keep our communities safer, and eventually eliminate the negative stereotypes that these wonderful dogs face in the media.
Winnecke has refused to put forth a realistic budget, playing politics and pushing the hard choices off to other leaders. His choice to play politics is the budget we now have for 2016.A city without leadership is a ship without a captain.As Mayor, I will take the leadership role, with open meetings and discussion about budget issues longer before the eleventh hour.Together, we can make Evansville better.Sincerely,Gail RieckenCandidate For Mayor of EvansvilleGail Riecken is running for Mayor of Evansville and is a former Evansville City Council-woman, Evansville Parks Director, and a current member of the Indiana State House of Representatives. She is a lifelong Evansville resident, has been married for 47 years, and has 2 children and 3 grandchildren.### FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail Winnecke’s Waffling Points To Lack of LeadershipEvansville, IN – Gail Riecken released a statement regarding the 2016 Evansville Municipal Budget. Leadership begins and ends with action.When it comes to the 2016 City Budget, Mayor Winnecke did not act.If anyone is to blame for the budgetary cuts the City Council made, it’s Mayor Winnecke.I spoke about our city finances and the difficulties the city faces quite a bit over the last 9 months. We have more money going out than coming in, rising debt, and a Mayor who thinks neither of those things are a problem.At the same time, Mayor Winnecke was told about how the 2016 Budget needed to be both cut and balanced. He knew the budget process would be a difficult one. He could have spent the time finding ways to trim the budget in a way the City Council would approve, ensuring that his priorities were included.Instead, the Mayor punted.Mayor Winnecke refused to make the cuts necessary, and made a deeply political decision. He let the City Council make the budgetary cuts for him, refusing to be the leader Evansville deserves and make the budgetary cuts himself.He did so in order to blame someone else for the cuts he knows must be made. Anyone who looks at the budgets, looks at the city finances, and understands how government can and should function, can easily see that budgetary cuts must be made.Mayor Winnecke wants to let someone else do his dirty work so he can keep his hands clean, and avoid having to take any responsibility for the budgetary cuts other leaders MUST now make to keep our city financially solvent.Mayor Winnecke refused to act, so other leaders had a duty to do so.Its unfortunate the Mayor would not make the hard choices. I do not agree with all the budgetary cuts that were made, but what is most disappointing is that the Finance Chair of the City Council, and not the Mayor, had to be the one proposing the cuts to the budget.At his 3pm press conference today, Mayor Winnecke said “Politics has gotten in the way of good public policy”.Frankly, I couldn’t agree more.
Staff at Sheffield bakery Fletchers have been holding talks with union representatives and legal advisers over proposed changes to their contracts, which they fear could cost them thousands of pounds in pay cuts.Management at the plant in Claywheels Lane, Wadsley Bridge, revealed their plans on a company noticeboard (see British Baker, 14 September, pg 6).The changes relate to cuts in holidays, overtime payments, Bank Holiday payments, shift premiums and rates for taking on roles with more responsibility.Fletchers, which was part of Northern Foods until the company sold its speciality bakery products business to Vision Capital in November 2006, wants a five-day working week, not 24/7 shifts.A 90-day consultation period with 550 staff at the bakery ends on 4 December.
“We’ll do our damndest to be the lowest priced [grocer]. We will be as aggressive as possible with prices. I’m not going to squeeze suppliers, but I am going to be very assertive.”- Andy Bond, the chief executive of Asda, quoted in The Guardian offering some soothing words to suppliers
FARMINGTON – The University of Maine at Farmington is once again preparing for a semester like no other as it continues in its commitment to creating a safe environment for the campus community and for students to live and learn in the face of COVID-19.With the enormous support of the University of Maine System Together for Maine principles and resources and Maine State public health leadership, Farmington is looking forward to a safe return to campus for the spring 2021 semester.“We are so grateful to everyone as they come together to create a safe space for our students to pursue their passions,” said Edward Serna, UMF president. “UMF is committed to continuing to face this challenge head on and to providing our community of learners with the best Farmington experience possible.”Last fall, three phases of asymptomatic testing were conducted on the Farmington campus as part of the University’s efforts to reduce the spread of COVID-19. The three phases included move-in day (phase 1), follow up testing 10 days later (phase 2), and testing throughout the fall semester (phase 3).Phase 4 and 5 are being implemented during January 2021 for students who remained on campus during the Winter Break or are just returning to campus.This spring, phase 6 testing will take place for all UMF campus residents on a weekly basis throughout the spring semester. Testing started as students began returning to campus Monday, January 18. Students will shelter in place while they await test results.Spring testing will be implemented with a new testing partnership provided by the University of Maine System for all campuses. Test samples collected from students, faculty, and staff from across the System will be processed at a University of Illinois ShieldT3 mobile testing laboratory located at the University of Maine in Orono.The robust isolation and quarantine infrastructure created during the fall semester will also continue along with an enhanced Peer Care Manager program dedicated to students helping students who are experiencing quarantine or isolation in order to keep the campus safe from possible Covid-19 infections.Flexible study plans including a combination of remote and in-person learning or fully remote learning are also available to help meet student needs at this time.For more information on UMF’s Safe Return planning and policies: https://www.umf.maine.edu/return/
A gift to turn medical discoveries into treatments The new class of Harvard medical and dental students are a pretty diverse lot.The 165 aspiring physicians hail from seven countries and 33 U.S. states, according to Robert Mayer, Harvard Medical School (HMS) faculty associate dean for admissions and Stephen B. Kay Family Professor of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Fifty-six percent are female and 44 percent are male. Nearly a quarter come from populations underrepresented in medicine. The 35 new dental students come from 19 states. That class is 71 percent female and 29 percent male. Fourteen percent come from underrepresented groups. After a recent White Coat Ceremony at HMS marking the start of their four years of study, five med students and two dentists in training were asked to talk about the people in their lives who helped them most.,Ahmed Ahmed“Today is quite a heavy day for me. Just over 20 years ago my family came to this country as refugees from Somalia, but I recognize we wouldn’t be able to do that today due to a travel ban that has been instituted. So it is for that reason and for so much more that I dedicate this white coat to the Somali refugees and all those yearning to breathe free.”,Natasha and Alisha Nanji“From a young age, we learned the importance of perseverance and the significance of giving back from our parents — our father was a refugee who fled dictator Idi Amin’s Uganda with $23, and our mother was an immigrant from Tanzania, sponsored by one of her eight sisters who had moved to Canada. Our parents met in Toronto and have been married for 30 years. When they met, our mom had recently completed an associate’s degree in computer programming. She was working a full-time job and financially supported our father through dental school. It is truly a miracle for both of us to be studying at Harvard today. Feeling humbled and beyond grateful is an understatement of how we felt upon receiving our acceptances. We both want to make outreach a pillar of how we practice dentistry. We want to dedicate our lives to helping others in underserved populations, both locally and globally.”,Nicolas Freeman“As a queer and transgender person entering medicine — as a Latinx person entering medicine — I firmly believe that representation matters, and it is a prerequisite for justice.”,LaShyra “Lash” Nolen“I especially want to dedicate this day to my mother, Ty Harps, who raised me as a single mother and had me at the age of 18 years old. Technically speaking, I’m not supposed to be here. Statistically speaking, this is a miracle. And Mommy, you so silently are the architect behind all of my dreams and the dreams of so many in our family. And I just want you to know that you are the first superhero that I ever came to know. And I want you to know I have the privilege of putting on this white coat and feeling like a superhero because of you. Thank you for giving me the privilege to even wear it. And lastly, to all the little black girls out there: You can’t be what you can’t see, but I hope you see me now, and I hope you see yourself in me.”,Related Blavatnik Foundation pledges $200 million to Medical School, its largest gift ever The right job, the right place A rise through the ranks Calixto Sáenz worked his way up to become director of Medical School’s microfluidics core facility Harvard Medical School students learn where they’ll spend their residencies
WASHINGTON (AP) — President Joe Biden arrived at the White House ready to wield his pen to dismantle Donald Trump’s legacy and begin pushing his own priorities. The new president has already signed dozens of executive orders targeting foundational policies of the last administration. Biden’s goals include reversing Trump’s ban on travelers from several predominantly Muslim countries, calling on the U.S. to rejoin the Paris climate accord and stopping construction of Trump’s border wall. Both Trump and former President Barack Obama relied on executive orders and other presidential directives to get some of their most controversial policies around a deadlocked Congress. But the governing tool often comes with fleeting impact.